2 edition of Epistemic modal qualifications found in the catalog.
Epistemic modal qualifications
by Universiteit Antwerpen, Universitaire Instelling Antwerpen, Departement Germaanse, Afdeling Linguïstiek in Wilrijk, Belgium
Written in English
Includes bibliographical references (p. -200).
|Series||Antwerp papers in linguistics ;, 81, Antwerp papers in linguistics ;, nr. 81.|
|LC Classifications||P299.M6 N89 1994|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||200 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||200|
|LC Control Number||95104898|
This book brings together novel work on the semantics and pragmatics of certain indefinite expressions that also convey modality. These epistemic indefinites are determiners or pronouns that signal ignorance on the part of the speaker, such as German irgendein and Spanish algun: the sentence Maria se caso con algun medico ('Maria married some doctor or other') both makes an existential. Epistemic negation not along with default negation ¬ plays a key role in knowledge representation and nonmonotonic reasoning. However, the existing epistemic approaches such as those by Gelfond,,, Truszczynski and Kahl et al. behave not satisfactorily in that they suffer from the problems of unintended world views due to recursion through the epistemic modal operator K or M (K F and M .
Since the epistemic modal was the most pronounced, the story is definitely negative in shade, and this can be inferred in the short story where the narrator is uncertain what was going on in her. is a platform for academics to share research papers.
Since the publication of F. R. Palmer's Mood and Modality in , when the topic of "modality" was fairly unfamiliar, there has been considerable interest in the subject as well as in grammatical typology in general. Modality is concerned with mood (subjunctive etc.) and with modal markers such as English modal verbs (can, may, must etc.) and is treated as a single grammatical . Modal epistemologies maintain that a belief counts as knowledge only if there is an appropriate modal connection between that belief and the facts of the matter that make that belief true: a belief counts as knowledge only if it is actually true – true, as we might say, in the actual world, the world as it actually is – and true throughout a specified range of nonactual possible worlds.
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Epistemic modal logic is a subfield of modal logic that is concerned with reasoning about epistemology has a long philosophical tradition dating back to Ancient Greece, epistemic logic is a much more recent development with applications in many fields, including philosophy, theoretical computer science, artificial intelligence, economics and linguistics.
This book contains chapters on epistemic modality by top researchers in the area. Several chapters about the question of what kind of possibilities epistemic possibilities ask: What kind of a possibility space do we need in order to model epistemic possibility.
Is it a different kind of space from the one we need to model, for example, metaphysical possibility. An epistemic modality presents the possibility or the necessity of an underlying proposition which is known as the prejacent.
This is expressed relative to some kind of evidence or knowledge. Modality allows the evaluation of a proposition, or modal force, in relation to a set of other propositions, the modal base. Modal logic is a collection of formal systems originally developed and still widely used to represent statements about necessity and instance, the modal formula → can be read as "if P is necessary, then it is also possible".
This formula is widely regarded as valid when necessity and possibility are understood with respect to knowledge, as in epistemic modal logic. Epistemic modality is a sub-type of linguistic modality that encompasses knowledge, belief, or credence in a mic modality is exemplified by the English modals may, might, r, it occurs cross-linguistically, encoded in a wide variety of lexical items and grammatical structures.
Contextualists hold that epistemic modality claims are properly understood as being evaluated relative to a context of utterance.
The relevant context is, therefore, a function of the speaker’s context of utterance to a content or a truth-value (Brogaard ; von Fintel and Gillies ).For example, “Tess might be in her office” as uttered by B (in the above example) in the epistemic.
First, background for people who don’t know the term. The modal verbs are the words that express possibility or necessity: must, should, might, and so forth. Now to the question. These words can be used in two different ways, called deontic and ep.
Amsterdam: Benjamins. Nuyts, Jan, Epistemic modal adverbs and adjectives and the layered representation of conceptual and linguistic structure. Linguistics Nuyts, Jan, Epistemic modal qualifications: On their linguistic and conceptual structure.
Wilrijk: Antwerp Papers in Linguistics Nuyts, Jan, This handbook offers an in depth and comprehensive state of the art survey of the linguistic domains of modality and mood and examines the full range of methodological and theoretical approaches to the phenomena involved.
Following an opening section that provides an introduction and historical background to the topic, the volume is divided into five parts. concepts of epistemic logic, basic formal languages, their se-mantics, and proof systems. It also contains an overview of the handbook, and a brief history of epistemic logic and pointers to the literature.
Introduction to the Book This introductory chapter has four goals: informal introduction to some basic concepts of epistemic logic. This picture connects the modal, epistemic and semantic realms in a simple and elegant way, and various versions of it have informed the work of numerous contemporary philosophers (including David Lewis, Robert Stalnaker, David Chalmers, and Frank Jackson).
However, the approach has come under pressure from data to be considered in the next. The surface variety of modal meanings is thus a product of the interplay of three factors: (i) the quantiﬁcational strength (possibility, necessity, and shadings in between, e.g.
slight possibility), (ii) the modal base, and (iii) the ordering source. Epistemic modality has an epistemic modal. Modal Logic Epistemic Logic Eric Pacuit University of Maryland, College Park ˘epacuit Ap Modal Logic 1/ Non-epistemic modal marking reflects some facet of the circumstances surrounding the described situation or event, such as the requirements of an authoritative person or code (deontic), or the agent’s abilities (dynamic), goals (teleological), or desires (bouletic).
11 Van der Auwera & Ammann () use the term situational as a cover term. Epistemic modal operators give rise to something very like, but also very unlike, Moore's paradox. I set out the puzzling phenomena, explain why a standard relational semantics for these operators cannot handle them, and recommend an alternative semantics.
A pragmatics appropriate to the semantics is developed and interactions between the. Epistemic vs. Deontic Epistemic vs. Deontic vs. Dynamic meaning ) He has lived in France for several years, he studied the French language and so he can read this book.
Æcertainty ) It is right. He already asked me yesterday. He can read this book. Æpermission ) He is 7 years old and learned reading at school. He can read this book. This book is a report of an investigation into the meanings of the modal auxiliaries in modern British English.
The investigation took the form of a large-scale corpus-based project, looking at modal auxiliaries in both written and spoken language, and taking into account stylistic variation.
The analysis of a corpus of a ‘real’ language brings the analyst face-to-face with a problem which. propositions, modal verbs will receive root or epistemic interpretations. An interesting variant of the ambiguity approach, which has become increasingly inﬂuential in the literature on modality, is the polysemy account developed by Sweetser ().
Sweetser places her discussion of modality. PART II: Epistemic Dimension of Evaluation 43 Unit 3 Epistemic modality 48 Definition of epistemic modality, degrees of commitment and realisations 48 Modal auxiliary verbs 48 Lexical verbs 51 Adverbials, adjectives and nouns 54 Epistemic modal. Chapter 2, "Modal adverbs and adjectives" (pp.
), discusses the modal adverbs and adjectives. The author starts by presenting a comparative analysis of the epistemic modal sentence adverbs and the predicative epistemic modal adjectives as in the following two sentences: (1) Probably they have run out of fuel.
The book can be used as the primary text for seminars on philosophical logic focused on non-normal modal logics; as a supplemental text for courses on modal logic, logic in AI, or philosophical logic (either at the undergraduate or graduate level); or as the primary source for researchers interested in learning about the uses of neighborhood semantics in philosophical logic and game theory.Epistemic modal adverbs e.g.
possibly, probably and certainly have the parallel epistemic modal adjectives possible, probable, and certain2. This parallel is apparent when viewing minimal sentences containing epistemic modal adverbs and adjectives: (1) a.
The dog is possibly on the lawn. b. It’s possible that the dog is on the lawn.An Introduction to Modal Logic Formosan Summer School on Logic, Language, and Computation 29 June July, ;99B.